Spiderzrule Forum
Spiderzrule Blog
Keeping Spiders
Spider Web Construction
Spider Bite Treatment
Spider Removal
Great Spider Photos
Spider Legends
Spider Superstitions
Web Photos
Questions & Answers
Year 5's Red-back 1998
Year 5's Spiders 2000
Year 5's Spiders 2001
Common Spiders Aus
Common Spiders USA
Australian Spiders -
Red-back
Australian Spiders -
Funnel-web
Other Spiders
Wandering Spider
Another Arachnid
Spider First Aid
Recluse bite photos
Famous Spider Poems
Our Spider Poems
Viewers' Spider Poems
Spider Songs
Spider Stories
Spider Letters
Spider Art
Kids' Spider Homes
Chocolate Spiders
Cookie Spiders
Spider Lessons
Online Exercises
Spider Food Hunt
Spider Links
Spider Awards
Main Page
Email

You are viewer

Hit Counter by Digits

 

 
 
 

Spider Photos -
Brown Recluse Spiders

Here's some photos sent in by viewers.  The brown recluse belongs to a group of spiders that is officially known as the "recluse spiders" in the genus Loxosceles (pronounced lox-sos-a-leez). These spiders are also commonly referred to as "fiddleback" spiders or "violin" spiders because of the violin-shaped marking on the top surface of the cephalothorax (fused head and thorax). However, this feature can be very faint depending on the species of recluse spider, particularly those in the southwestern U.S., or how recently the spider has molted. The common name, brown recluse spider, pertains to only one species, Loxosceles reclusa. The name refers to its color and habits. It is a reclusive creature that seeks and prefers seclusion.
The brown recluse spider and ten additional species of Loxosceles are native to the United States. In addition, a few non-native species have become established in limited areas of the country. The brown recluse spider is found mainly in the central Midwestern states southward to the Gulf of Mexico. Click here for a map of the different species of Recluse and their distribution on the United States.  Isolated cases in Ohio are likely attributable to this spider occasionally being transported in materials from other states. Although uncommon, there are more confirmed reports of Loxosceles rufescens (Mediterranean recluse) than the brown recluse in Ohio. It, too, is a human-associated species with similar habits and probably similar venom risks (unverified). (Ohio State University Fact Sheet) A great reference page on Brown and Desert Recluse and their identification is here. Click here for an article by George Fiedler on one of the most common infections that is often mistaken for a recluse bite.

All photos are copyright to their owners and may not be reproduced without permission. Please choose a section.

Unidentified Spiders 2014 Unidentified Spiders 2013 Unidentified Spiders 2012
Unidentified Spiders 2011 Unidentified Spiders 2010 Unidentified Spiders 2009 (1)
Unidentified Spiders 2009 (2) Unidentified Spiders 2008 (1) Unidentified Spiders 2008 (2)
Unidentified Spiders 2007 (1) Unidentified Spiders 2007 (2) Unidentified Spiders 2007 (3)
Unidentified Spiders 2006 (1) Unidentified Spiders 2006 (2) Unidentified Spiders 2006 (3)
Unidentified Spiders 2005 (2) Unidentified Spiders 2005 (3) Unidentified Spiders 2005 (1)
Unidentified Spiders 2004 (1) Unidentified Spiders 2004 (2) Unidentified Spiders 2003
Unidentified Spiders 2002 Unidentified Spiders 2001  
Spiders in Amber Closeups Ant & Wasp Mimicking Spiders
Argiopes/St. Andrew's Cross Barn Funnel Weaving Spider Basilica  Spiders
Bird Dropping Spiders Black House Spiders Bolas Spiders
Brown Recluse Spiders Candy Stripe Spiders Common House Spider
Crab Spiders Cyclosa Conica Daddy Long Legs
Daring Jumping Spiders Fishing Spiders Funnel Web (Aus)
Furrow Spider Garden Orb Weavers Giant House Spider
Golden Orb Weavers Grass spiders/Funnel Weavers Ground Spiders
Hacklemesh Weavers Hobo Spiders Huntsman Spiders
Jewelled Spiders Jumping Spiders Ladybird Spiders
Leaf Curling Spiders Long Jawed Orb Weavers Lynx Spiders
Marbled Orb Weavers Micarathena Mouse Spiders
Mygalomorphs Net casting Spider Nursery Web Spiders
Parson Spiders Pirate Spiders Pseudoscorpion
Purseweb Spider Redback Spiders Red Spotted Ant Mimic Spiders
Running Crab Spiders Scorpion Spiders Segestria Florentina
Solfugids/Camel Spiders Southern House Spiders Spider Tats
Spitting Spiders Steatoda Tailless Whip Scorpions
Tarantulas Trapdoor Spiders Venusta Orchard Spiders
Wandering Spiders

White Tailed Spiders

Widow Spiders
Wolf Spiders Woodlouse Hunters Yellow & Broad faced Sac Spiders
Zoropsis spinimana    

Brown Recluse

Other Recluse

BROWN RECLUSE SPIDERS

In the mature brown recluse spider as well as some other species of recluse spiders, the dark violin marking is well defined, with the neck of the violin pointing toward the bulbous abdomen. The abdomen is uniformly coloured, although the coloration can range from light tan to dark brown, and is covered with numerous fine hairs that provide a velvety appearance. The long, thin, brown legs also are covered with fine hairs, but not spines. Adult brown recluse spiders have a leg span about the size of a quarter. Their body is about 3/8 inches long and about 3/16 inches wide. Males are slightly smaller in body length than females, but males have proportionally longer legs. Both sexes are venomous. The immature stages closely resemble the adults except for size and a slightly lighter color. Whereas most spiders have eight eyes, recluse spiders have six eyes that are arranged in pairs in a semicircle on the forepart of the cephalothorax .

The brown recluse spider spins a loose, irregular web of very sticky, off-white to grayish threads. This web serves as the spider's daytime retreat, and it often is constructed in an undisturbed corner. This spider roams at night searching for insect prey. Recent research  indicates that the brown recluse spider is largely a scavenger, preferring dead insects. Mature males also roam in search of females. Brown recluse spiders generally occupy dark, undisturbed sites, and they can occur indoors or outdoors. In favourable habitats, their populations are usually dense. They thrive in human-altered environments. Indoors, they may be found in attics, basements, crawl spaces, cellars, closets, and ductwork or registers. They may seek shelter in storage boxes, shoes, clothing, folded linens, and behind furniture. They also may be found in outbuildings such as barns, storage sheds, and garages. Outdoors, brown recluse spiders may be found underneath logs, loose stones in rock piles, and stacks of lumber. The brown recluse spider is not aggressive, and it normally bites only when crushed, handled or disturbed. Some people have been bitten in bed after inadvertently rolling over onto the spider. Others have been bitten after accidentally touching the spider when cleaning storage areas. Some bites occur when people put on seldom used clothing or shoes inhabited by a brown recluse. (Ohio State University Fact Sheet)

..
Reply: Looks like it could be a brown recluse  - glen

13 February, 2014:
Hello. I saw this spider on my daughter's bed after she fluffed up her pillow. Can't tell if it's a brown recluse. Do you think it is? Help!! Is there anyway to kill them completely?

..
Reply: Looks like a brown recluse to me - glen

24 December, 2013:
Can you identify this spider?

..
Reply: Yes it looks like a brown recluse so be careful - glen

16 June, 2013:
Glen, Not a spider person. Found your website and just wanted to know if this is a brown recluse. Thanks for everything! Sincerely, Matthew

..
Reply: This looks like a brown recluse so be careful - glen

16 June, 2013:
I live in Louisville Kentucky, found this two days ago in my shed

..

Reply: This looks like a brown recluse so be careful - glen

13 April, 2013:
We found it in the sink- we also have baby ones running around. This one was 3cm long. Thanks

..

Reply: Yes I would say it is a brown recluse and has just moulted- glen

4 November , 2012:
Hello! I believe that this is a brown recluse, am I mistaken?

..

Reply: Why not try some natural repellents and remedies like the ones on the page on here - glen

29 June , 2012:
I have found 8 eight these in my house in the last month. we had a great deal of cellar spiders, but in recent days havent seen near as many of those, and now we see brown recluse. Does this constitute an infestation? And what is the best course of action, as I have heard some spider poisons, which would be bad for myself and my 2 grown dogs, can also cause spiders to become more agressive.

..

Reply: It is a male and it could be a recluse - glen

12 June, 2011:
Can you tell me if you believe this is a brown recluse? Misty

..

6 April, 2011:
Just took this picture of a brown recluse that was in the upstairs of my parent's house. Don't know if this is the proper way to submit spider photos but if so I have a very good venusta orchard spider photo. Also this is downsized for web. Jerry

..
Reply: Even though they are not supposed to be in New York, this certainly  looks like a brown recluse so be careful - glen.

13 January, 2011:
Hi Glen, Your site is amazing!! I'm unsure if this is a brown recluse. I live in new york and from what I have read they aren't supposed to live here, but who knows these days with climate changes. Any thoughts on what this spider might be? You may post/do as you please with the photos. Thanks a bunch! Mercedes

..
Reply: It  has the t violin pattern on the cephalothorax and the body colour is right so it could be one - glen.

28 June, 2010:
hello, i'm wondering if i have brown recluse living in my bathroom somewhere. we've spotted many over the last several months, the most recent one was a couple mornings ago waiting for me in the bathtub, so i took a few pictures. can you take a look at tell me what you think? thanks, Rich

..
Reply: It certainly has the right violin pattern on the cephalothorax and the body colour is right.
1 August, 2009:

Just wondering if this is a recluseÖ..seems awfully large for one though. Darin
..
26 July, 2009:
Hello. Iím in Chicago, on the second floor of a condo building. Last August I found a reclusa rufensce (sp?) swimming in my bathtub. I am glad I drew the bath before getting in. WHOA. It was correctly identified by some spider guys at the Natural History Museum in Chicago and another professor in Illinois studying recluses.  The first pic is of my Recluse specimen.  Thanks!!! Meg
..
3 June, 2009:
Can you identify this spider? Is it a brown recluse? Thanks for any help you can provide!
..
2 November, 2008:
Hi Glen, I enjoy viewing your web site. Iíve always liked spiders but I respect them, and value the role they play. I live in Bermuda, when I was younger there was only a small selection of spiders commonly found on the island, but as imports have increased so has the selection of spiders. I am now finding spiders that Iíve never seen before. I was hoping that you could help me to positively identify a few Iíve found recently. In photo # 5049, 5051 (same spider) and 6788, I believe both these spiders to be the brown recluse spider, am I correct?
..

27 July, 2008:
Hi Glen, I live in Knoxville Tennessee and my roommate was recently bit by a spider that was inside a pair of pants hanging in the closet. It turned into a fairly large and nasty bite that she eventually sought medical attention for. Since then I have been paying close attention to spiders around the house. I just caught this one tonight and snapped some pictures. Iím fairly certain it is a Brown Recluse but I was hoping you could verify that for me. Feel free to use these pictures in any way you need. Thanks, Dan

Click for a larger view.

 

..

8 June, 2008:
Hi Glen! You have an awesome site. I've been lost for days now looking at all the amazing spider photos available. I wanted to send you this up-close photo of a Brown Recluse spider I took last month in Oklahoma. You can see the hair on it's legs! Keep up the great work, Neil

Click for a larger view.

 

..
Another Reply from Charla: The 3 from jan. 12: these are sac spiders. they do not look like the ones on your page, but they are very common at my college (especially, as you said, in the fall). all the ones i find have the same traits - enormous mandibles, a dark brown face that fades into light brown close to the head, a dark abdomen, and back legs that are slightly shorter than the front legs.

Reply: They could be brown recluse, they have the violin shape on their cephalothorax.

12 January
, 2008:
I found these two spiders washed up after a rain in my backyard...I think it's a brown recluse spider, could they a male and female??

 


 

..

Reply: It could be a brown recluse, it has the violin shape on its cephalothorax.

12 January, 2008:
Can you please tell me if you think this is a brown recluse and if not, what it is? We live in Texas and just turned our house upside down (boxes, furniture, etc...) having new carpet installed after 30 years. I have seen several of these guys lately since then and it is really concerning to me. I have a two year old daughter and I am scared to death she will be bitten. Is this a brown recluse? If not, what it is? Dangerous or not? The actual spider is quite small, about the size of a nickel with leg span and all. I certainly appreciate any help you can give me. Sincerely, Carlotta

Click for a larger view.

..

2 November, 2007:
Dear Glen, My son and I have enjoyed looking at the pictures you have.  Today I had an unwanted visitor land on my shoulder, fortunately no bites.  I managed to brush him off and snap a few pictures of him, I thought I would share them with you.  Thanks for the wonderful website. Sincerely, Jennifer, Stockton, KS

 

Click for a larger view

..

A Reply from Charla: This is a southern house spider (filistata hibernalis). the stripe on the back is typical, but the photo also shows the golden brown around the legs, very long pedipalps, and two eyes that look more like a tarantula's eyes than anything else. i googled southern house spider to send a better picture and found one on your website. it's under great spider photos 2006 (august 26).

26 February, 2007:
But Hey I caught one, And I am looking at a fiddleback here. Its just that the abdomin is tiny not like in the pictures I see, the thorax is correct with the base of the fiddle starting at the head and the neck facing towards the back end. But I figured it would be larger here. I am taking pictures, Still havent got one that is very clear to show u, its hard with this 4.0 mp camera. So here are some attached photos. You give me your wisdom. Its off to the Managers office with this guy in the morning, if its truly a fiddleback. Thanks so much for your help. Kristi in Nashville TN

 

Click for a larger view

..

Reply: It looks like a recluse to me.

21 September, 2006:
I found this spider in my basement and thought that it might be a brown recluse. What do you think? Use the pic if you like. Eric Tiemann - St. Louis Missouri

 

Click for a larger view.

..

Reply: Certainly looks like a recluse to me.

17 June, 2006:
Hi, great site! I find these in my home all the time. They look like brown recluse, but many have said that the recluse is often mistaken. Can you confirm what this is? Thanks!
BTW, I live in Memphis, TN. And, feel free to share the pic.
- Ben
 

..

17 February, 2006:
Our house is loaded with them. I'm going to get an exterminator out here and if they can't get 'em all but stopped then I'll consider strongly......moving from the house. We have a baby crawling around and that's just a bit too scary. We see them all too often.
Hope you like the photos. If you need more I can get 'em anytime and can get some better ones if you like. blessings, Ken
Click for a larger view.

..

8 November, 2005:
This is a 6 x 8 inch monitor trap full of Brown Recluse Spiders. There were 14 more of these traps that we removed from a home in Jackson Tennessee. Thanks for a great site!
Ray Phillips
Associate Certified Entomologist
Corporate Residential Pest Control Manager
Cook's Pest Control, Inc.
Office (256) 340-2507 Ext. 166
Cell (256) 227-5998
Fax (256) 340-2531
rayp@cookspest.com

..

23 October, 2005:
I have a few more good pictures of a brown recluse in you want/need any. We have been over run with them in our shed and garage. Thankfully we have only found one in the house. We are in southern TN.

Kimberly~

..

18 July, 2005:
hey nice site ,thought you might like to putt these pics of a brown recluse i found onyour site, my gf had stepped on it in the shower and didnt sqaush it but it was drenched so we thought it was dead we took pics of it and then we put it in a jar the next day it was alive and running around crazy i tell ya! any way enjoy the pics!
-russ
Click for a larger view.

..

 

Could John please email me, as someone wants to use his photos for another web page? Thanks, glen

 

21 June, 2005:
This is a recluse from northwest Alabama. They emerge at night, and hunt along the floor. Feel free to use the photo if you can.

John S. Williams

Great photo, click for a larger view!!

..

28 December, 2004:
Dear Sir or Madam, I was wondering if your could help me. My family and I live in Bahrain and I have come across this spider many times. I have a feeling it is a brown recluse spider as it behaves very much like one. I find them constantly in the laundry hamper. Can you help me identify this spider as we have a small child in the house and I am very scared of her being bitten by one. I would appreciate any assistance you could give. Kind regards, Mrs. Reboni

..

14 October, 2004:  
Brown Recluse from Rogers, Arkansas
I found this one in one of my kids toys. In fact the same toy car that I found the Black Widow in which you posted a few months ago. Goes to show that if you keep toys outside it might be good to shake it a bit before letting the kids play.

Craig Richardson
Rogers Arkansas

..

29 July, 2004:
Hereís a cool photo I took of a mature male brown recluse last month while visiting my parents in St. Louis, Missouri. I discovered they had a brown recluse infestation. No bites yet (and we hope it stays that way) and so far 25 have been caught. The biggest had a body about 0.75 inches long and leg span of over 2 inches. This guyís body was about 0.50Ē long. Feel free to post the photo to help folks identify a brown recluse.
Tom Sovar

..

30 September, 2003:
Brown Recluse found in Fayetteville Arkansas. It was missing a couple legs but still very active and fast. Must of lost a fight with a praying mantis or another spider. Feel free to use this picture.

..
Google