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Spider Photos -
 Desert & Other Recluse Spiders

 Click here for a map of the different species of Recluse and their distribution on the United States.  Isolated cases in Ohio are likely attributable to this spider occasionally being transported in materials from other states. Although uncommon, there are more confirmed reports of Loxosceles rufescens (Mediterranean recluse) than the brown recluse in Ohio. It, too, is a human-associated species with similar habits and probably similar venom risks (unverified). (Ohio State University Fact Sheet) A great reference page on Brown and Desert Recluse and their identification is here.

All photos are copyright to their owners and may not be reproduced without permission. Please choose a section.

Unidentified Spiders 2014 Unidentified Spiders 2013 Unidentified Spiders 2012
Unidentified Spiders 2011 Unidentified Spiders 2010 Unidentified Spiders 2009 (1)
Unidentified Spiders 2009 (2) Unidentified Spiders 2008 (1) Unidentified Spiders 2008 (2)
Unidentified Spiders 2007 (1) Unidentified Spiders 2007 (2) Unidentified Spiders 2007 (3)
Unidentified Spiders 2006 (1) Unidentified Spiders 2006 (2) Unidentified Spiders 2006 (3)
Unidentified Spiders 2005 (2) Unidentified Spiders 2005 (3) Unidentified Spiders 2005 (1)
Unidentified Spiders 2004 (1) Unidentified Spiders 2004 (2) Unidentified Spiders 2003
Unidentified Spiders 2002 Unidentified Spiders 2001  
Spiders in Amber Closeups Ant & Wasp Mimicking Spiders
Argiopes/St. Andrew's Cross Barn Funnel Weaving Spider Basilica  Spiders
Bird Dropping Spiders Black House Spiders Bolas Spiders
Brown Recluse Spiders Candy Stripe Spiders Common House Spider
Crab Spiders Cyclosa Conica Daddy Long Legs
Daring Jumping Spiders Fishing Spiders Funnel Web (Aus)
Furrow Spider Garden Orb Weavers Giant House Spider
Golden Orb Weavers Grass spiders/Funnel Weavers Ground Spiders
Hacklemesh Weavers Hobo Spiders Huntsman Spiders
Jewelled Spiders Jumping Spiders Ladybird Spiders
Leaf Curling Spiders Long Jawed Orb Weavers Lynx Spiders
Marbled Orb Weavers Micarathena Mouse Spiders
Mygalomorphs Net casting Spider Nursery Web Spiders
Parson Spiders Pirate Spiders Pseudoscorpion
Purseweb Spider Redback Spiders Red Spotted Ant Mimic Spiders
Running Crab Spiders Scorpion Spiders Segestria Florentina
Solfugids/Camel Spiders Southern House Spiders Spider Tats
Spitting Spiders Steatoda Tailless Whip Scorpions
Tarantulas Trapdoor Spiders Venusta Orchard Spiders
Wandering Spiders

White Tailed Spiders

Widow Spiders
Wolf Spiders Woodlouse Hunters Yellow & Broad faced Sac Spiders
Zoropsis spinimana    

Brown Recluse

Other Recluse

DESERT & OTHER RECLUSE SPIDERS

Eleven species of recluse spiders are native to the United States and two non-natives have become established in certain highly restricted areas of the country. venomous) also bear markings in this distinctive shape. The Brown Recluse is found primarily in the Midwest and parts of the South: from Southern Wisconsin to Ohio, and south to Central Texas and Northern Florida.

The other species of Recluse spider found in the U.S. look very similar to the Brown Recluse; only a spider expert can tell the difference between the species. Other native U.S. species of Recluse spider and their ranges:
Apache Recluse (Loxosceles apachea): Southeastern Arizona to Southern New Mexico to Western Texas.
Arizona Recluse (L. arizonica): Central and Southern Arizona to Southeastern California. Baja Recluse (L. palma): Southern California to Northern Baja, Mexico.
Big Bend Recluse (L. blanda): Western Texas.
Desert Recluse (L. deserta): Southern and Central California to Central Arizona to Southern Nevada.
Grand Canyon Recluse (L. kaiba): Arizona's Grand Canyon area.
Martha's Recluse (L. martha): Southern California.
Russell's Recluse (L. russelli): Southern California's Death Valley area.
Texas Recluse (L. devia): Southern Texas.
Tucson Recluse (L. sabina): Tucson, Arizona area.

The following two species of Recluse spider were introduced to the U.S. from other countries: Chilean Recluse (L. laeta): a mean-tempered spider, the Chilean Recluse was introduced to the U.S. from South America, and exists in colonies throughout Southern California. The Chilean recluse is about twice the size of most other species of Recluse spider, and its bite is particularly nasty.
Mediterranean Recluse (L. rufescens): Introduced to the U.S. from the Mediterranean area and found throughout the U.S., the bite of the Mediterranean Recluse is not as severe as bites from other species of Recluse spider. 

The brown recluse spider is the proper common name for only one species, Loxosceles reclusa. It is the most widespread of the North American recluse spiders and lives in the south central Midwest from Nebraska to Ohio and south through Texas to Georgia. Although the brown recluse does not live in California, they do have four species of native recluse spiders. The most common Californian recluse spider is the desert recluse, Loxosceles deserta. It is found mostly in the Sonoran and Mojave deserts, in the foothills of the lower San Joaquin Valley, and in adjacent areas of Mexico; most of these areas are sparsely populated by humans. In older literature, this spider was referred to as Loxosceles unicolor. There are additional species (Loxosceles russelli, Loxosceles palma, Loxosceles martha), but they are so uncommon that they are of scientific interest only. In addition to these native species, the Chilean recluse spider, Loxosceles laeta (pronounced ďLEE-taĒ), has become established in portions of Los Angeles (Alhambra, Sierra Madre, Monterey Park, San Gabriel). This spider, however, seems to be confined to a very limited area in Los Angeles County even though it has lived there for possibly over 70 years (one specimen collected from Los Angeles in 1936 is housed in Chicagoís Field Museum spider collection). Also, occasional interceptions of the Mediterranean recluse, Loxosceles rufescens, are found in commercial goods shipped from out-of-state, but no populations of this spider are currently known in California.

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Reply:  Could be a desert recluse  - glen

10 August, 2013 :
Is this picture more conclusive? Body is 2 cm + and the total length is just over 5 cm. Thank you very much Clay

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Reply: Could possible be a desert recluse - glen

16 June, 2013:
Hello, Can you tell me what this spider is? Found in my home near Prather California. Third found in house. No webs just spider hiding out. Thanks, Donne'e

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Reply: It looks like one of the recluse family, probably a desert recluse given where you are - glen

16 June, 2013:
What is this spider

 

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Reply:  I think it is a desert recluse - glen
14 January, 2013:
Dear Glen, I stumbled upon your website as I was searching for the identification of this spider. AWESOME site! Within the last couple days, I found two of the same kind of spiders in my house, one in my shower while I was showering (I just happened to spot it by my feet as I was shampooing my hair!), and the other in my sink in my other bathroom after I ran the water for a short bit. (I was out of town for a couple weeks so didnt run the water until the last few days. I think they were in the drains?) I live alone in a very rural area of Lake Elsinore, CA. Its all dirt and wide open hills and brush all around my house and am the only house off a long dirt road. I have lived in this house for 2 years and have never seen these before. I have found black & brown widows, sun spiders, and small scorpions in my house, but this is new. I am concerned that they may be Desert Recluse spiders? I know that we dont have the brown recluse spiders out here, but I know we have the desert recluse (most common here) and some other recluse spiders that are not so common. Its hard finding good pictures of the desert recluse on-line or any other kind, they are all mostly of the brown recluse. Could you please help with identifying this? (I hope the pictures are good enough for I.D.) I would REALLY REALLY appreciate any assistance! PS - These guys are bigger than a half dollar! Yuck! Sincerely, Caroline

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Reply: Yes I agree I think it is a desert recluse - glen
31 May, 2012:
Greetings, We live in the Transverse Range of mountains between L.A. and Bakersfield in Lockwood Valley, elevation 5200'. We are about 60 miles west of the Antelope Valley...It's not technically desert but it is a very dry, Pinyon and Juniper woodland type. This is the third of this type of spider I've found in our house in the 18 years we've lived here so I'm not overly phobic about it, but my wife and daughter are fairly beside themselves as they have twice encountered them on the way to the loo at night! I recently read a piece in a journal that describes this species living in Woodrat nests, of which we have many on our property and the rat's themselves are quite pesky as they like to steal shiny objects from the barn! Anyway, I'm pretty certain of the identification of this spider as I have counted it's 6 eyes! What say you? Thanks for a your fabulous website and resource! Ron

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Reply: Could possibly be a desert recluse - glen
24 June, 2011:
these were taken in my house in Las Vegas NV the spider has smooth non hairy legs and is a light tan color and a small fiddle shape on his back. he has long fangs that cover his face but when you look beyond the fangs you can see what looks like 3 eyed. two beside eachother and one just below it. sorry the pictures aren't clear. Iíve been trying all day to get a good pic. these are from my cell phone. I have found 5 of these spiders just within this last month. Usually I find them crawling on my bathroom floor or wall or in the litter box. this one in the pic I found crawling up my wall coming from behind my head board(btw my bed is near a window). a few months ago a juvenile actually crawled across my laptop while I was typing while laying in my bed. The whole room was dark except for the light from my screen and it seemed not to even care. I donít know if it was aiming for the heat because it was cold outside that night. I would think it wouldnít be the behavior of any spider let alone a brown recluse. any who, Iíve looked at your photos on your site and it looks like both the brown recluse and a male southern house spider. how can I tell which one it is? I looked at one of the face picís of the brown recluse and the face looks the same. I have not been able to see a close up of the southern house spider so I donít know if itís the same as well. Is there a place I can take it to identify? I still have this one in a lil insect cage I glued up with mesh so it cant get out. I will give it insects and water until I am able to bring it somewhere far away from here to let it go. I wont kill it because itís against my morals to kill spiders and itís just plane bad luck. oh also it is very easy to catch them. They really donít try to run until I have it in the container. They donít seem aggressive. I swear spiders love me. I find atleast two or three a day crawling next to me. Mostly parson spiders or these huge black house spiders I sometimes find hiding in my dogís doggy bed early in the am. I hope you can help. I will try to get a better pic if I can find my camera.

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Reply: Could possible be a desert recluse - glen
20 October, 2010:
Hi Glen, I love your site! I live in Vegas and found this crawling on my arm at work. We have open ceilings and plenty of places for bugs to hide. It looks to me like it could be a desert recluse, what do you think? These are the best pics I could get with my camera. Oh, I did injure it but I still have it alive. I broke off some legs when I swatted it off of me. Thanks! Doug

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Reply: Could possibly be an Arizona recluse - glen
7 July, 2010:
Hi Glen, I came across your website while gathering information on Brown Recluse spiders. I currently have an infestation of them, to a very severe level. Iíve been forced to hire pest control, which I really donít like, but none-the-less, I canít risk a bite from one of these guys. Iím trying to determine which of the eleven species of Recluse spiders these guys are. Any input you might have would be really helpful. I live just north of Phoenix, AZ, in a very rural area. When I moved into my house there were literally hundreds of these spiders. Weíve managed to slowly kill off the majority of them, but we still find about four a week. Most of them are just larger than a quarter, but I have found at least a dozen that have been the size of (if not larger than) a half dollar. Thank you, Kacie

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Reply: Could possible be a desert recluse - glen

14 October, 2009:
Hello recently found three of these spiders in my house on the wall, one in the garage, one climbing above my son crib and one in my bathroom we live in southern california in a mountainous/ high desert area any help would be appreciated all photos of same spider just couldn't get the lighting right thank you

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3 July,  2008:
Could you please tell me what kind of spiders these are. The two (6 & 7) were together underneath a dresser in my garage and the other was outside on my patio at night hanging from a web. Would really appreciate any information about them. Thanks. Liz

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24 June 2008:
Hi Again, Here's a photo of another desert brown we found in the old house just before we completely vacated. Kinda freaked my husband out, because it was on the wall in the living room, and it was pretty dark in there, considering most of our lamps had been moved already! This guy was about the biggest one we've found so far. Sorry if the photo's not the best, but we trapped it in a plastic container with a quarter (US $.25 for anyone viewing the site that is unfamiliar with US currency.) to show his size. Hope you enjoy! Freemans, Tucson AZ. Ps, I'm also resending our April 2nd guy, because I still don't see him on your site, and I'm not sure if you lost him or just decided not to send. He's sitting on a greeting card! "Greetings!!"


Click for a larger view.

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24 May, 2008:
IHi Glen! We're still in the process of moving out of the "bug house," and are still finding interesting creatures. Here's yet another desert brown spider that we found in my son's bedroom. Not the best photo, as it is evening, and the flash was doing strange things with the lighting outside. And the poor guy looks pretty bad, kinda emaciated, pale in color, and was starting to curl his legs all up once we got him outside. Usually we're over 100 degrees F this time of year, but for some reason had a strange winter-ish storm move through the last couple days, and our high wasn't even 70 today! The spider hit that cold concrete, slowed way down, and started curling his legs all up. Didn't like the cold, I guess! You can add this one to our other brown photos in the desert brown recluse section of your website, if you'd like! :) Have a great day! The Freemans, Tucson AZ USA

Click for a larger view.

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28 April, 2008:
Yesterday I caught this spider running across my living room floor and found your website while looking online to try to identify it. It looks very similar to some of the brown or desert recluse pictures I saw, but I can't be sure because I couldn't make out a distinct violin shape on its back. I thought maybe this spider was still young, or maybe the violin shape is less prominent on the desert recluse. It was a light tan color with the abdomen being darker and a leg span of well over 1 inch. I'm in Southern New Mexico, about 40 miles north of the Mexico border. I'm sending you top and bottom view pictures. Thanks, Lux

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Reply: It could be, it has a small violin shape on its cephalothorax. The abdomen is not as dark as in most fo the photos I've seen. Have you checked that you live in an area where they are found?

26 February, 2007:
Is this a brown recluse? I keep seeing them in my home!

Thks,
Maura

 

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13 October, 2006:
Hello Glen. I have been checking out your site for a few years now and just love it. I wanted to send you some pictures of what I believe is a desert recluse because I have yet to see a picture of a desert recluse anywhere on the inet and thought you might like to use it. I will also be posting the pictures on my own site so I hope that is ok. I live on the western edge of the Mojave desert in Southern California and have many of these spiders in and around my home. I have found that they are a very docile species. In fact, the spider in these pictures didnt even attempt to bite at the piece of grass I used to move him about. It made me feel quite guilty for killing it later but kill it I must because I do not want it coming back into my house. The spider in these picture is mid-sized for the species out here. I have seen a few that were much larger than this one and much deeper red in color. Can you tell me if spiders shed their skins? I believe that the two "dead spiders" in one of the photos are actually skins of either the one spider in the photo or of the other spider in the box that was dead or both. I have read that these spiders are indeed medically significant and can cause necrotic wounds. If bitten, one should try to capture the spider and seek medical attention right away. Please feel free to post these pictures on your site if you want to. Thank you  

Erin McGuire

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