False Widow Spider
Habitat and range
In common with other members of the Theridiidae family, S. nobilis constructs a cobweb, i.e., an irregular tangle of sticky silken fibers. As with other web-weavers, these spiders have very poor eyesight and depend mostly on vibrations reaching them through their webs to orient themselves to prey or warn them of larger animals that could injure or kill them.
The spider is found in the Canary Islands, in England around Hampshire, Isle of Wight, Devon and Cornwall, Dorset and Essex , and in Madeira; it has also been observed in parts of continental Europe, Africa and USA.
Population growth in UK
As with many animals extending their range from the continent, the distribution of S. nobilis is expected to increase northwards in the UK, due at least partly to climate change. The False Widow spider first arrived in banana shipments from the Canary Islands in around 1870.
This prediction was reported by Stuart Hine of the Natural History Museum. The spider and alarming stories about it regularly feature in newspaper articles. Hine responded on the naturenet blog, stating, "Of course I also explain the great value of spiders and how rare the event of spider bite in the UK actually is. I also always explain that up to 12 people die from wasp/bee stings in the UK each year and we do not panic so much about wasps and bees – but this never makes it past editing."
They are not aggressive, and most injuries to humans are due to defensive bites delivered when a spider gets unintentionally squeezed or pinched somehow. It is possible that some bites may result when a spider mistakes a finger thrust into its web for its normal prey, but ordinarily intrusion by any large creature will cause these spiders to flee.
The bite of S. nobilis is known to be medically significant in humans, however without any long-lasting effects. The bite of this spider, along with others in the genus Steatoda, can produce a set of symptoms known as steatodism. Symptoms of bites include intense pain radiating from the bite site, along with feverishness or general malaise.
In 2006 a Dorchester man spent three days in Dorchester County Hospital with symptoms of heart seizure, after suffering a spider bite believed to be caused by S. nobilis. (A spider was observed in the act of biting the man; however it was not captured and positively identified by an expert).
The bite of S. nobilis, like other Steatoda spiders is far less dangerous to humans than that of true black widows.
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